Chinese Neujahr Wann beginnt das neue chinesische Jahr?

Das chinesische Neujahrsfest, Chunjie, gilt als der wichtigste traditionelle chinesische Feiertag und ist eines der sechs asiatischen Mond-Neujahre. Der Neujahrstag, dessen Termin nach dem traditionellen chinesischen Lunisolarkalender berechnet. Das chinesische Neujahrsfest, Chunjie (chinesisch 春節 / 春节, Pinyin chūnjié – „​Frühlingsfest“; auch 農曆新年 / 农历新年, nónglì xīnnián. Das Chinesische Neujahr (Chinesisch: 春节 chun jie) wird auch als Frühlingsfest bezeichnet. Es ist das wichtigste traditionelle Fest in China. Das Frühlingsfest. fällt das chinesische Neujahr auf den Januar. Das Datum des chinesischen Neujahrs richtet sich nach dem traditionellen chinesischen Kalender . Die Feierlichkeiten können bis zu 15 Tage andauern. Ist Chinesisches Neujahr ein Feiertag? Sind die Geschäfte offen? Dieser Tag ist ein gesetzlicher Feiertag.

Chinese Neujahr

Das chinesische Neujahrsfest, das auf eine jährige Geschichte Um Uhr folgte ein speziell für das chinesische Neujahr. Januar feiern Milliarden Menschen auf der ganzen Welt das chinesische Neujahr​. Das Datum wird nach dem chinesischen Mondkalender. Das chinesische Neujahrsfest, Chunjie (chinesisch 春節 / 春节, Pinyin chūnjié – „​Frühlingsfest“; auch 農曆新年 / 农历新年, nónglì xīnnián. Das chinesische Neujahrsfest, das auf eine jährige Geschichte Um Uhr folgte ein speziell für das chinesische Neujahr. Chinesisches Neujahrsfest China begrüßt das Jahr des Hasen. einem „​zeitlich verschobenen“ Neujahr: Das chinesische Neujahrsfest wird nach dem. Januar feiern Milliarden Menschen auf der ganzen Welt das chinesische Neujahr​. Das Datum wird nach dem chinesischen Mondkalender. Chinesisches Neujahr in feiern? Das hat einen ganz besonderen Zauber. Alle Infos & Tipps zum Jahr der Ratte in China. Doch wie wird eigentlich genau „Silvester“ in China gefeiert? Ich zeige es euch! So wird das chinesische Neujahrsfest gefeiert. – das Jahr der Metall-Ratte. Die Chinesen selbst nennen es einfach "Neujahr", "Frühlingsfest" bzw. Art der Sammy Farha Sport. Früher spielten im traditionellen China individuelle Geburtstage kaum eine Rolle im Vergleich zu diesem Tag, was sich in der Moderne gewandelt hat. Mit diesem Tag endet das Frühlingsfest. Vor click here allzu langer Zeit haben wir — wie jedes Jahr in der Nacht vom learn more here Aus diesem Grund haben sich die Menschen jedes Jahr vor dem Neujahrsfest in die entlegenen Berge geflüchtet, um diesem Angriff Nians zu entgehen. Letzte Aktualisierung:. Chinarundreisen hat über sechszehn Jahre nun Reisen in China Chinese Neujahr. Drachentänze sind ein wichtiger Bestandteil der Feierlichkeiten amchinesischen Neujahrstag. In den Zügen herrscht dichtes Gedränge, vor den Ticketschaltern bilden sich rekordverdächtige Here. This is done so that the Kitchen God can report to the Jade Emperor of the family household's transgressions and good deeds. Alongside the year cycle of the animal zodiac there is a year cycle of heavenly stems. Families often offer sweet foods such as candy in order to "bribe" the deities into reporting good things about the family. Other traditional foods consists of noodles, fruits, dumplings, spring rolls, and Tangyuan which are also known as sweet rice balls. Caixin Global. South East Asia Group. Https:// ist das wichtigste traditionelle Fest in China. Er ist bei den Einheimischen beliebt.

Chinese Neujahr Video

Chinese Neujahr Video

Chinese Neujahr

Another custom is the decoration of windows and doors with red paper-cuts and couplets. Popular themes among these paper-cuts and couplets include that of good fortune or happiness , wealth, and longevity.

Other activities include lighting firecrackers and giving money in red paper envelopes. For the northern regions of China, dumplings are featured prominently in meals celebrating the festival.

It often serves as the first meal of the year either at midnight or as breakfast of the first day.

The lunisolar Chinese calendar determines the date of Lunar New Year. Chinese calendar defines the lunar month with winter solstice as the 11th month, which means that Chinese New Year usually falls on the second new moon after the winter solstice rarely the third if an intercalary month intervenes.

The Gregorian Calendar dates for Chinese New Year from to are below, along with the year's presiding animal zodiac and its Stem-branch.

The traditional Chinese calendar follows a Metonic cycle , a system used by the modern Jewish Calendar , and returns to the same date in Gregorian calendar roughly.

The names of the Earthly Branches have no English counterparts and are not the Chinese translations of the animals.

Alongside the year cycle of the animal zodiac there is a year cycle of heavenly stems. Each of the ten heavenly stems is associated with one of the five elements of Chinese astrology , namely: Wood , Fire , Earth , Metal , and Water.

The elements are rotated every two years while a yin and yang association alternates every year.

These produce a combined cycle that repeats every 60 years. For example, the year of the Yang Fire Rat occurred in and in , 60 years apart.

Many people inaccurately calculate their Chinese birth-year by converting it from their Gregorian birth-year.

As the Chinese New Year starts in late January to mid-February, the previous Chinese year dates through 1 January until that day in the new Gregorian year, remaining unchanged from the previous Gregorian year.

For example, the year of the Rabbit began on 3 February The year is generally aligned with the year of the Rabbit. However, the year of the Tiger officially ended on 2 February This means that anyone born from 14 February to 2 February was actually born in the year of the Tiger rather than the year of the Rabbit.

Many online Chinese Sign calculators do not account for the non-alignment of the two calendars, using Gregorian-calendar years rather than official Chinese New Year dates.

One scheme of continuously-numbered Chinese calendar years assigns to the year beginning in , but this is not universally accepted; the calendar is traditionally cyclical, not continuously numbered.

Although the Chinese calendar traditionally does not use continuously numbered years, outside China its years are sometimes numbered from the purported reign of the mythical Yellow Emperor in the 3rd millennium BC.

But at least three different years numbered 1 are now used by various scholars, making the year beginning CE the "Chinese year" , , or According to tales and legends, the beginning of the Chinese New Year started with a mythical beast called the Nian a beast that lives under the sea or in the mountains during the annual Spring Festival.

The Nian would eat villagers, especially children in the middle of the night. An old man, appeared before the villagers went into hiding and said that he would stay the night, and would get revenge on the Nian.

All the villagers thought he was insane. The old man put red papers up and set off firecrackers. The day after, the villagers came back to their town and saw that nothing had been destroyed.

They assumed that the old man was a deity who came to save them. The villagers then understood that Yanhuang had discovered that the Nian was afraid of the color red and loud noises.

People also used firecrackers to frighten away the Nian. From then on, Nian never came to the village again. The Nian was eventually captured by Hongjun Laozu , an ancient Taoist monk.

After that, Nian retreated to a nearby mountain. The name of the mountain has long been lost over the years. There is also a saying that the beast is "Xi", rather than Nian.

Xi is a kind of faint monster, and Nian is not related to the animal beasts in terms of meaning, it is more like a mature harvest.

The word "Nian" is composed of the words "he" and "Qian". It means that the grain is rich and the harvest is good.

The farmers review the harvest at the end of the year and are also full of expectations for the coming year.

According to Chinese historical documents, since the beginning of the era, people have celebrated the harvest in the New Year and welcomed the new folk customs.

Later, they gradually became an established traditional festival. Korea, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia celebrate it as an official festival.

Chinese New Year is observed as a public holiday in some countries and territories where there is a sizable Chinese and Korean population.

Since Chinese New Year falls on different dates on the Gregorian calendar every year on different days of the week, some of these governments opt to shift working days in order to accommodate a longer public holiday.

In some countries, a statutory holiday is added on the following work day when the New Year falls on a weekend, as in the case of , where the New Year's Eve 9 February falls on Saturday and the New Year's Day 10 February on Sunday.

For other countries where Chinese New Year is celebrated but not an official holiday, see the table below. Red couplets and red lanterns are displayed on the door frames and light up the atmosphere.

The air is filled with strong Chinese emotions. In stores in Beijing, Shanghai, Wuhan, and other cities, products of traditional Chinese style have started to lead fashion trend[s].

Buy yourself a Chinese-style coat, get your kids tiger-head hats and shoes, and decorate your home with some beautiful red Chinese knots, then you will have an authentic Chinese-style Spring Festival.

During the festival, people around China will prepare different gourmet for families and guests.

Influenced by the flourished cultures, foods from different places look and taste totally different. Among them, the most well-known ones are dumplings from northern China and Tangyuan from southern China.

For those that practice Buddhism, the Laba holiday is also considered Bodhi Day. The porridge was prepared by the women of the household at first light, with the first bowl offered to the family's ancestors and the household deities.

Every member of the family was then served a bowl, with leftovers distributed to relatives and friends. The concept of the "La month" is similar to Advent in Christianity.

Many families eat vegetarian on Chinese New Year eve, the garlic and preserved meat are eaten on Chinese New Year day. On the days immediately before the New Year celebration, Chinese families give their homes a thorough cleaning.

It is believed the cleaning sweeps away the bad luck of the preceding year and makes their homes ready for good luck. Brooms and dust pans are put away on the first day so that the newly arrived good luck cannot be swept away.

Some people give their homes, doors and window-frames a new coat of red paint; decorators and paper-hangers do a year-end rush of business prior to Chinese New Year.

Purchasing new clothing and shoes also symbolize a new start. Any hair cuts need to be completed before the New Year, as cutting hair on New Year is considered bad luck due to the homonymic nature of the word "hair" fa and the word for "prosperity".

Businesses are expected to pay off all the debts outstanding for the year before the new year eve, extending to debts of gratitude.

Thus it is a common practice to send gifts and rice to close business associates, and extended family members.

In many households where Buddhism or Taoism is prevalent, home altars and statues are cleaned thoroughly, and decorations used to adorn altars over the past year are taken down and burned a week before the new year starts, to be replaced with new decorations.

This is done so that the Kitchen God can report to the Jade Emperor of the family household's transgressions and good deeds. Families often offer sweet foods such as candy in order to "bribe" the deities into reporting good things about the family.

Prior to the Reunion Dinner, a prayer of thanksgiving is held to mark the safe passage of the previous year.

Confucianists take the opportunity to remember their ancestors, and those who had lived before them are revered. Some people do not give a Buddhist prayer due to the influence of Christianity, with a Christian prayer offered instead.

The biggest event of any Chinese New Year's Eve is the annual reunion dinner. Dishes consisting of special meats are served at the tables, as a main course for the dinner and offering for the New Year.

This meal is comparable to Thanksgiving dinner in the U. In northern China, it is customary to make jiaozi , or dumplings, after dinner to eat around midnight.

Dumplings symbolize wealth because their shape resembles a Chinese sycee. In contrast, in the South, it is customary to make a glutinous new year cake niangao and send pieces of it as gifts to relatives and friends in the coming days.

After dinner, some families go to local temples hours before the new year begins to pray for a prosperous new year by lighting the first incense of the year; however in modern practice, many households hold parties and even hold a countdown to the new year.

Watching it has gradually become a tradition in China. The first day is for the welcoming of the deities of the heavens and earth, officially beginning at midnight.

It is a traditional practice to light fireworks, burn bamboo sticks and firecrackers and to make as much of a din as possible to chase off the evil spirits as encapsulated by nian of which the term Guo Nian was derived.

Some consider lighting fires and using knives to be bad luck on New Year's Day, so all food to be consumed is cooked the days before.

On this day, it is considered bad luck to use the broom, as good fortune is not to be "swept away" symbolically.

Most importantly, the first day of Chinese New Year is a time to honor one's elders and families visit the oldest and most senior members of their extended families, usually their parents, grandparents and great-grandparents.

Some families may invite a lion dance troupe as a symbolic ritual to usher in the Chinese New Year as well as to evict bad spirits from the premises.

Business managers also give bonuses through red packets to employees for good luck, smooth-sailing, good health and wealth. While fireworks and firecrackers are traditionally very popular, some regions have banned them due to concerns over fire hazards.

For this reason, various city governments e. As a substitute, large-scale fireworks display have been launched by governments in Hong Kong and Singapore.

However, it is a tradition that the indigenous peoples of the walled villages of New Territories , Hong Kong are permitted to light firecrackers and launch fireworks in a limited scale.

Traditionally, married daughters didn't have the opportunity to visit their birth families frequently. During the days of imperial China, "beggars and other unemployed people circulate[d] from family to family, carrying a picture [of the God of Wealth] shouting, " Cai Shen dao!

Business people of the Cantonese dialect group will hold a 'Hoi Nin' prayer to start their business on the 2nd day of Chinese New Year so they will be blessed with good luck and prosperity in their business for the year.

A representative from the government asks Che Kung about the city's fortune through kau cim. Rural villagers continue the tradition of burning paper offerings over trash fires.

It is considered an unlucky day to have guests or go visiting. In those communities that celebrate Chinese New Year for 15 days, the fourth day is when corporate "spring dinners" kick off and business returns to normal.

Other areas that have a longer Chinese New Year holiday will celebrate and welcome the gods that were previously sent on this day. This day is the god of Wealth's birthday.

In Taiwan, businesses traditionally re-open on the next day the sixth day , accompanied by firecrackers. It is also common in China that on the 5th day people will shoot off firecrackers to get Guan Yu 's attention, thus ensuring his favor and good fortune for the new year.

The sixth day is Horse's Day, on which people drive away the Ghost of Poverty by throwing out the garbage stored up during the festival.

The ways vary but basically have the same meaning—to drive away the Ghost of Poverty, which reflects the general desire of the Chinese people to ring out the old and ring in the new, to send away the previous poverty and hardship and to usher in the good life of the New Year.

The seventh day, traditionally known as Renri the common person's birthday , is the day when everyone grows one year older.

In some overseas Chinese communities in Southeast Asia, such as Malaysia and Singapore, it is also the day when tossed raw fish salad, yusheng , is eaten for continued wealth and prosperity.

For many Chinese Buddhists, this is another day to avoid meat, the seventh day commemorating the birth of Sakra , lord of the devas in Buddhist cosmology who is analogous to the Jade Emperor.

Another family dinner is held to celebrate the eve of the birth of the Jade Emperor, the ruler of heaven.

Come midnight of the eighth day of the new year, Hokkiens will offer thanks to the Emperor of Heaven. A prominent requisite offering is sugarcane.

Incense, tea, fruit, vegetarian food or roast pig, and gold paper is served as a customary protocol for paying respect to an honored person.

Candles are lit outside houses as a way to guide wayward spirits home. This day is celebrated as the Lantern Festival , and families walk the street carrying lighted lantern.

In China and Malaysia, this day is celebrated by individuals seeking a romantic partner, akin to Valentine's Day.

The taste is an indication of their possible love: sweet represents a good fate while sour represents a bad fate. The venue will usually be in or near the home of the most senior member of the family.

The New Year's Eve dinner is very large and sumptuous and traditionally includes dishes of meat namely, pork and chicken and fish.

Most reunion dinners also feature a communal hot pot as it is believed to signify the coming together of the family members for the meal.

Most reunion dinners particularly in the Southern regions also prominently feature specialty meats e. If in the previous year a death was experienced in the family, seven dishes are served.

Other traditional foods consists of noodles, fruits, dumplings, spring rolls, and Tangyuan which are also known as sweet rice balls. Each dish served during Chinese New Year represents something special.

The noodles used to make longevity noodles are usually very thin, long wheat noodles. These noodles are longer than normal noodles that are usually fried and served on a plate, or boiled and served in a bowl with its broth.

Expectedly, the noodles symbolize the wish for a long life. The fruits that are typically selected would be oranges, tangerines, and pomelos as they are round and "golden" color symbolizing fullness and wealth.

Their lucky sound when spoken also brings good luck and fortune. Pomelos is believed to bring constant prosperity.

Dumplings and spring rolls symbolize wealth, whereas sweet rice balls symbolize family togetherness. Red packets for the immediate family are sometimes distributed during the reunion dinner.

These packets contain money in an amount that reflects good luck and honorability. Several foods are consumed to usher in wealth, happiness, and good fortune.

Several of the Chinese food names are homophones for words that also mean good things. Many places in China still follow the tradition of eating only vegetarian food on the first day of the New year, as it is a sign of peace.

So, they believe that eating only vegetarian food the first day will bring joy and peace into their lives for the whole year. Like many other New Year dishes, certain ingredients also take special precedence over others as these ingredients also have similar-sounding names with prosperity, good luck, or even counting money.

In , the ruling Kuomintang party in China decreed that Chinese New Year will fall on 1 Jan of the Gregorian Calendar, but this was abandoned due to overwhelming opposition from the populace.

The State Council of the People's Republic of China announced that the public should "Change Customs", have a "revolutionized and fighting Spring Festival", and since people needed to work on Chinese New Year Eve, they did not have holidays during Spring Festival day.

The public celebrations were reinstated by the time of the Chinese economic reform. Red packets almost always contain money, usually varying from a couple of dollars to several hundred.

A married person would not turn down such a request as it would mean that he or she would be "out of luck" in the new year.

Red packets are generally given by established married couples to the younger non-married children of the family. It is custom and polite for children to wish elders a happy new year and a year of happiness, health and good fortune before accepting the red envelope.

Red envelopes are then kept under the pillow and slept on for seven nights after Chinese New Year before opening because that symbolizes good luck and fortune.

In Taiwan in the s, some employers also gave red packets as a bonus to maids , nurses or domestic workers from Southeast Asian countries, although whether this is appropriate is controversial.

In the mids, Chinese messaging apps such as WeChat popularized the distribution of red envelopes in a virtual format via mobile payments , usually within group chats.

Gölückwünsche über das Netz senden Statt Whatsapp seit kurzem nicht mehr in China verfügbar nutzen die meisten Chinesen Wechat.

Wechat ist sehr komfortabel und es gibt zahlreicheEmoticons, die dem chinesischen Empfinden rechnung tragen.

Viele Menschen senden so ihre besten Wünsche an ihre Freunde. Sie entwickelten sich zur beliebtesten Form des Schenkens unter jun gen Menschen.

Einen Freund oder eine Freundin mieten Chinesische Eltern kümmern sich sehr darum, ob die Kinder einen Freund oder eine Freundin haben.

In China legt man viel Wert auf Heirat eine Familie zu haben. Wenn die Kinder über 24 Jahre alt und noch nicht verheiratet sind, drängen viele Eltern darauf einen Partner zu suchen.

Manchmal arrangieren Eltern eine Verabredung für ihre Kinder. Um solche Peinlichkeiten zu vermeiden, mieten manche Leute sogar einen Freund oder eine Freundin im Internet, der sie dann zu dem Fest zu den Eltern begleitet.

Sie sind mit die wichtigsten Ereignisse chinesischen Neujahr. Verschiedene Unterhaltungsmöglichkeiten und Aktivitäten werden angeboten.

Januar bis 3. Mit einem Löwenkostüm, begleitet von schlagenden Trommeln und klangvollen Gongs ahmen die Tänzer die Bewegungen eines Löwen nach oder demonstrieren ihre Beweglichkeit bei Kampfkünsten, je nach dessen Stil.

Guangzhou ist einer der besten Plätze, um einen Löwentanz zu sehen. Am Abend des chinesischen Neujahres gibt es eine Parade wie im Karneval und internationale Unterhaltungsshows aus vielen Ländern geben zum Frühlingsfest eine Vorstellung.

Dazu gibt es eine rekordverdächtige Lichtshow. Zu dem halbstündigen Feuerwerk gibt es im Hafen eine Licht- und Lasershow in Choraographie mit Lichtspielen an dutzenden umliegenden Gebäuden.

Der Lamatempel hat eine Geschichte von über Jahren. Am Anfang war hier der Palast eines Prinzen, später wurde er zum Lamatempel umgestaltet.

In diesem Tempel können sie Steinlöwen, eine schöne Gartenanlage und tibetische Mönche sehen. Höhepunkt ist eine 18 Meter hohe und 8 Meter in die Tiefe reichende hölzerne Buddha-Figur, die aus einem einzigen Sandelholz-Baumstamm geschnitzt wurde.

Sie können hier Räucherstäbchen kaufen und selber wie die Chinesen beten. Ab diesem Zeitpunkt begannen die Buddhisten in Shanghai hier zu beten.

Hier kann man auch viele schöne Bonsais bewundern. Vegetarier können hier gute vegetarische Gerichte ausprobieren. Derzeit ist es Mode, ein kurzfristiges buddhistisches Leben zu führen.

Es gibt keinen Jadebuddha oder andere Symbole einer Minderheit. Dennoch hat der Tempel eine Geschichte von über Jahren.

Im Laufe der Zeit wurde er viele Male zerstört. Dieser Nengren Tempel, den man jetzt besuchen kann, wurde im Jahr wiederaufgebaut.

Er ist bei den Einheimischen beliebt. Hier leben noch viele Mönche und Nonnen. Dieser riesige Tempel ist einzigartig und unglaublich gut erhalten bzw.

Jeder Tag ist hier voller betender Menschen. Der Lingyin Tempel liegt nicht weit vom Westsee,den Sie auch besuchen können.

Dann bekommen die Frühlingsrollen ihre goldgelbe Farbe. Sie haben ihren Namen, weil sie traditionell während des chinesischen Neujahres gegessen werden.

Tangyuan ist die wichtigste Nahrung für Chinesen beim Laternenfest. Aber in Südchina essen die Menschen Tangyuan auch während des Frühlingsfestes.

Deswegen sind sie während des Frühlingsfestes beliebt. Einige Obstsorten sind ausgewählt, da sie besonders rund und "golden" in der Farbe sind.

Das symbolisiert Glück und Reichtum und sie klingen ähnlich wie glückliche Wörter. Interessieren Sie noch mehr über das Essen in China?

Klicken Sie hier, um mehr über chinesisches Essen zu erfahren. Vielleicht interessieren Sie auch für: Chinesisches Neujahr Möchten sie mehr von Chinas Kultur entdecken?

Unsere beliebten Reisepakete beinhalten die Höhepunkte der chinesischen Kultur. Hier sind unsere drei beliebtesten China Reisen:. Klassische Chinarundreise inkl.

In den Tagen vor dem chinesischen Neujahr wird das beste Geschirr aus den Schränken geholt und poliert, continue reading Wohnung feinsäuberlich geputzt, und mit roten Laternen und rot-goldenen Spruchbändern dekoriert, um auch im neuen Jahr mit Erfolg, Glückseligkeit, und Gesundheit beschert zu werden. Februar vormerken, denn dann beginnt ein neues chinesisches Jahr — das Jahr der Metall-Büffel. Da in der Heimat dann Clan-Interessen besprochen werden und teils auch andere Arbeitsmöglichkeiten angeboten werden, ist ein Nebeneffekt dieser Migration. Das Jahr der Metall-Ratte begann am Refuses Д‚ВјBersetzung Nengren Tempel, den man jetzt besuchen kann, Chinese Neujahr im Jahr wiederaufgebaut. Der chinesische Kalender folgt einem go here Jahre währenden Zyklus, bestehend aus je zehn sogenannten Himmelsstämmen die fünf Elemente Erde, Wasser, Feuer, Holz und Metall oder Gold und je zwölf Erdzweigen, denen jeweils ein Tierkreiszeichen zugeordnet ist. Februar eines Jahres. Chinesisches Neujahr bedeutet auch ein Wechsel des Tierzeichens für das neue Jahr.

2 Gedanken zu “Chinese Neujahr

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